Public health services, an essential determinant of health during crisis. Lessons from Cuba, 1989-2000

P. De Vos, A. García-Fariñas, A. Alvarez-Pérez, A. Rodríguez-Salvá, M. Bonet-Gorbea, P. Van der Stuyft

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review


    During the 1990s, Cuba was able to overcome a severe crisis, almost without negative health impacts. This national retrospective study covering the years 1989-2000 analyses the country's strategy through essential social, demographic, health process and health outcome indicators. Gross domestic product (GDP) diminished by 34.76% between 1989 and 1993. In 1994 slow recuperation started. During the crisis, public health expenses increased. The number of family doctors rose from 9.22 to 27.03 per 104 inhabitants between 1989 and 2000. Infant mortality rate and life expectancy exemplify a series of health indicators that continued to improve during the crisis years, whereas low birth weight and tuberculosis incidence are among the few indicators that suffered deterioration. GDP is inversely related to tuberculosis incidence, whereas the average salary is inversely related to low birth weight. Infant mortality rate has a strong negative correlation with the health expenses per inhabitant, the number of maternal homes, the number of family doctors and the proportion of pregnant women receiving care in maternal homes. Life expectancy has a strong positive correlation with health expenses, the number of nursing personnel and the number of medical contacts per inhabitant. The Cuban strategy effectively resolved health risks during the crisis. In times of serious socio-economic constraints, a well conceptualized public health policy can play an important role in maintaining the overall well-being of a population.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)469-479
    Number of pages11
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Health systems
    • National policies
    • Economic crisis
    • Public health services
    • Health impact
    • Indicators
    • Health expenditures
    • General practitioners
    • Infant mortality
    • Mortality reduction
    • Life expectancy
    • Low birth weight
    • Maternal health care
    • Nurses
    • Cuba
    • America-Latin
    • Caribbean


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