Public health significance of invasive mosquitoes in Europe

F Schaffner, J M Medlock, Wim Van Bortel

Research output: Contribution to journalA2: International peer reviewed article (not A1-type)

Abstract

There are currently five invasive Aedes mosquito species known to be established in Europe, namely Aedes albopictus, Aedes aegypti, Aedes japonicus, Aedes atropalpus and Aedes koreicus. Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti are the incriminated vectors in the recent outbreaks of chikungunya and dengue fever in Europe. However, both laboratory experiments and field observations indicate that these invasive mosquitoes have a potential to also transmit other pathogens of public health importance. Increasing travel and pathogen introduction, expansion of vector distribution, and both environmental and climatic changes are likely to raise the risk of pathogen transmission by these invasive Aedes mosquitoes. Their vector status and their involvement in pathogen transmission are dynamic processes that shape the future of mosquito-borne disease epidemiology in Europe. Beside vector surveillance, enhanced disease surveillance will enable the early detection of cases and the prompt implementation of control measures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Volume19
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)685-92
Number of pages8
ISSN1198-743X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aedes
  • Animals
  • Climate
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Insect Vectors
  • Malaria
  • Public Health Administration
  • Travel
  • Virus Diseases
  • Journal Article
  • Review

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