Reemergence of Human African Trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, Ethiopia

Adugna Abera, Tihitina Mamecha, Ebise Abose, Belachew Bokicho, Agune Ashole, Tesfahun Bishaw, Abinet Mariyo, Buzayehu Bogale, Haileyesus Terefe, Henok Tadese, Mahlet Belachew, Hailemariam Difabachew, Araya Eukubay, Solomon Kinde, Abraham Ali, Feyesa Regasa, Fikre Seife, Zeyede Kebede, Mesfin Wossen, Getachew TolleraMesay Hailu, Nigus Manaye, Nick van Reet, Gerardo Priotto, Johan van Griensven, Myrthe Pareyn, Geremew Tasew

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review


We report 4 cases of human African trypanosomiasis that occurred in Ethiopia in 2022, thirty years after the last previously reported case in the country. Two of 4 patients died before medicine became available. We identified the infecting parasite as Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. Those cases imply human African trypanosomiasis has reemerged.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)125-128
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Animals
  • Ethiopia/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense
  • Trypanosomiasis, African/diagnosis


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