Seroepidemiological study of caprine toxoplasmosis in East and West Shewa Zones, Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia

E. Zewdu, A. Agonafir, T.S. Tessema, G. Tilahun, G. Medhin, M. Vitale, V Di Marco, E. Cox, J. Vercruysse, P. Dorny

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is a global zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular apicomplexan parasite. The objectives of this study were to estimate the animal and flock level seroprevalence and risk factors associated with toxoplasmosis in goats of Central Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, goats are economically important animals used for meat and milk production. The study was cross-sectional and 927 blood samples from 187 goat flocks were collected to examine T. gondii specific IgG antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A questionnaire was used to collect data on the potential risk factors. The study revealed flock and animal level seroprevalence of 58.3% (109/187; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 51.16, 65.42) and 19.7% (183/927; 95% CI: 17.17, 22.31), respectively. The likelihood of acquiring T. gondii infection was higher in semi-intensively managed goats (Odds ratio [OR]=2.48, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14, 5.37; P=0.022) than in extensively managed goats, in females than in males (OR=1.84, 95% CI: 1.16, 2.92; P=0.010), in adults than in young animals (OR=2.00, 95% CI: 1.21, 3.28; P=0.006), in small than in large flocks (OR=2.03, 95% CI: 1.03, 3.98; P=0.040), in goats kept under sedentary (OR=2.81, 95% CI: 1.41, 5.59; P=0.003) and agropastoral farming system (OR=3.62, 95% CI: 1.83, 7.18; P
Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume94
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
ISSN0034-5288
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Animal diseases
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Toxoplasma gondii
  • Zoonoses
  • Goats
  • Estimation
  • Seroprevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Antibody detection
  • ELISA
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Farming
  • Pastoralism
  • Drinking water
  • Ethiopia
  • Africa-East

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