Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Brucellosis as a professional hazard in Pakistan

S. Ali, Q. Ali, H. Neubauer, F. Melzer, M. Elschner, I. Khan, E.N. Abatih, N. Ullah, M. Irfan, S. Akhter

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    The present study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence and identify risk factors associated with brucellosis in humans at high risk in the Potohar plateau of northeastern Pakistan. A total of 262 serum samples were collected from persons of different occupational groups: veterinary personnel, milkers, abattoir workers, livestock farmers, and others (drivers, security guards, housewives). Data related to gender, age, occupation, contact with animals, brucellosis-related symptoms, consumption of raw milk, and geographical region were collected. The Rose Bengal plate test and the serum agglutination test were performed to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis. The overall seroprevalence was found to be 6.9% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.1, 10.6). Real-time polymerase chain reaction assay showed that all cases were affected by Brucella abortus. Individuals who consumed raw milk had higher odds of brucellosis seropositivity. This is the first report of human brucellosis related to B. abortus in high-risk professionals from Pakistan by the combined use of serological and molecular methods.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
    Volume10
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)500-505
    Number of pages6
    ISSN1535-3141
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Keywords

    • Bacterial diseases
    • Brucellosis
    • Brucella abortus
    • Seroprevalence
    • Occupational diseases
    • Risk groups
    • Veterinary
    • Farmers
    • Risk factors
    • Gender
    • Age
    • Contact tracing
    • Animals
    • Milk
    • Food consumption
    • Rose Bengal Test (RBT)
    • Serum
    • Agglutination tests
    • Clinical manifestations
    • Symptoms
    • Pakistan
    • Asia-South

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