Seroprevalence and risk factors for Brucellosis in a high-risk group of individuals in Bangladesh

AK Rahman, D Berkvens, D Fretin, C Saegerman, MU Ahmed, N Muhammad, A Hossain, E Abatih

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    Abstract Brucellosis is an occupational hazard of livestock farmers, dairy workers, veterinarians, slaughterhouse workers, and laboratory personnel, all of whom are considered to belong to the high-risk occupational group (HROG). A study was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis, identify risk factors associated with brucellosis seropositivity, and detect Brucella at genus level using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) among people in the HROG in the Dhaka division of Bangladesh. A sample of 500 individuals from the HROG was collected from three districts of Dhaka division of Bangladesh. A multiple random effects logistic regression model was used to identify potential risk factors. Two types of real-time PCR methods were applied to detect Brucella genus-specific DNA using serum from seropositive patients. The prevalence of brucellosis based on the three tests was observed to be 4.4% based on a parallel interpretation. The results of the multiple random effects logistic regression analysis with random intercept for district revealed that the odds of brucellosis seropositivity among individuals who had been in contact with livestock for more than 26 years was about 14 times higher as compared to those who had less than 5 years of contact with livestock. In addition, when the contact was with goats, the odds of brucellosis seropositivity were about 60 times higher as compared to when contact was with cattle only. Noticeable variation in brucellosis seropositivity among humans within the three districts was noted. All of the 13 individuals who tested positive for the serological tests were also positive in two types of real-time PCR using the same serum samples. Livestock farmers of brucellosis positive herds had a significantly higher probability to be seropositive for brucellosis. The study emphasized that contact with livestock, especially goats, is a significant risk factor for the transmission of brucellosis among individuals in the HROG.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFoodborne Pathogens and Disease
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)190-197
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Bacterial diseases
    • Zoonoses
    • Brucellosis
    • Brucella
    • Epidemiology
    • Prevalence
    • Risk factors
    • Risk groups
    • Livestock
    • Goats
    • Cattle
    • Farmers
    • Veterinary
    • Occupational
    • Slaughter
    • Laboratory technicians
    • Detection
    • Polymerase chain reaction
    • PCR
    • Contact tracing
    • Bangladesh
    • Asia-South


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