Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in domestic sheep in Belgium

D Verhelst, S De Craeye, M Vanrobaeys, G Czaplicki, P. Dorny, E Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Even though infected sheep are a potential source of Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans, information is lacking concerning the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in sheep in Belgium. We examined 3170 serum samples for anti-Toxoplasma IgG in sheep by total lysate antigen (TLA) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). IgG to T. gondii was demonstrated in 87.4% of the tested sheep and in 96.2% of the 209 tested flocks. The seroprevalences in Antwerp (65.2%) and Wallonia (68.6%) are statistically lower than in the other regions in Belgium (96.7-97.8%) (P<0.05). The present study is the first report that analyzed the prevalence of T. gondii infection in sheep in Belgium and confirms the high prevalence of Toxoplasma-specific IgG antibodies in the sheep population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume205
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
ISSN0304-4017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Belgium
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases
  • Toxoplasma
  • Toxoplasmosis, Animal
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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