Seroprevalence of transfusion-transmissible infections and evaluation of the pre-donation screening performance at the Provincial Hospital of Tete, Mozambique

J Stokx, P Gillet, Anja De Weggheleire, EC Casas, R Maendaenda, AJ Beulane, IV Jani, SOLON KIDANE, CD Mosse, J Jacobs, E Bottieau

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends universal and quality-controlled screening of blood donations for the major transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs): human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis. The study objectives were to determine the seroprevalence of these TTIs among blood donors at the Provincial Hospital of Tete, Mozambique, and to assess the local pre-donation screening performance. METHODS: All consenting voluntary and replacement candidate blood donors were consecutively included from February to May 2009. Sera of all candidates, independent of deferral by questionnaire, were submitted to screening with quality-assured rapid or simple assays for HIV, HBV surface antigen (HBsAg), HCV and syphilis. Assays locally used by the blood bank for HBV and syphilis screening were run in parallel to quality-assured external assays supplied during the study, and all discordant samples were submitted to confirmation testing in reference laboratories in Mozambique and Belgium. RESULTS: Of 750 consenting candidates (50.5% of voluntary donors), 71 (9.5%) were deferred by the questionnaire, including 38 specifically because of risk behavior for TTI. Of the 679 non-deferred candidates, 127 (18.7%) had serological confirmation of at least one TTI, with a lower prevalence in voluntary than in replacement donors (15.2% versus 22.4%, p=0.016). Seroprevalence of HIV, HBsAg and syphilis infections was 8.5%, 10.6 % and 1.2%. No confirmed HCV infection was found. Seroprevalence of TTIs was similar in the 38 candidates deferred for TTI risk as in the non-deferred group, except for HBsAg (26.3 % versus 10.6 %; p=0.005). The local assays used for HBV and syphilis had sensitivities of 98.4% and 100% and specificities of 80.4% and 98.8% respectively. This resulted in the rejection of 110 of the 679 blood donations (16.2%) because of false positive results. CONCLUSIONS: The seroprevalence of TTIs after questionnaire screening is high in Tete, Mozambique, but HCV infection does not appear as a major issue. The questionnaire did not exclude effectively HIV-infected donor candidates, while the locally used assays led to unnecessary rejection of many safe donations. A contextualized questionnaire and consistent use of quality-assured assays would considerably improve the current screening procedure for blood donation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
    Volume11
    Pages (from-to)141
    Number of pages8
    ISSN1471-2334
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Blood-borne diseases
    • Viral diseases
    • HIV
    • AIDS
    • Hepatitis B
    • Hepatitis C
    • Bacterial diseases
    • Syphilis
    • Treponema pallidum
    • Seroprevalence
    • Screening
    • Questionnaires
    • Blood donors
    • Transfusion
    • Quality assurance
    • Assessment
    • Performance
    • Serum
    • Antigens
    • Sensitivity
    • Specificity
    • Discordance
    • False-positive
    • Mozambique
    • Africa-Southern

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Seroprevalence of transfusion-transmissible infections and evaluation of the pre-donation screening performance at the Provincial Hospital of Tete, Mozambique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this