The association of tuberculosis and HIV infection in Burundi

B Standaert, F Niragira, P Kadende, P Piot

Research output: Contribution to journalA2: International peer reviewed article (not A1-type)peer-review


AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) are both endemic in Bujumbura, Burundi. An 11% failure rate to standard antituberculosis treatment (n = 173) was observed at the Tuberculosis Treatment Center of Bujumbura (CATB) in 1985-1986. All resistant cases (n = 19) were HIV seropositive. Among 328 consecutive cases with tuberculosis at the CATB during a 3 month period in 1986, 54.5% were HIV seropositive, which is five times higher than the prevalence in the general population in Bujumbura. More female patients than male cases were HIV antibody positive (62 versus 49%, respectively; p less than 0.02). Persistent weight loss, cough, and an anergic tuberculin test were more common in the HIV-seropositive group. Among 48 household members of HIV-seropositive patients with tuberculosis, 6 (12.5%) new cases of tuberculosis were identified, compared with none among 28 household members of HIV-seronegative patients with tuberculosis (odds ratio, 3.8; 95% confidence interval, 0.43-33.2). HIV infection is a new risk factor for tuberculosis in Africa, and HIV-infected cases of tuberculosis may be more infectious than HIV-negative patients. The AIDS epidemic may drastically complicate the diagnosis, management, and control of tuberculosis in populations in which both infections are endemic
Original languageEnglish
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Pages (from-to)247-251
Publication statusPublished - 1989


  • B780-tropical-medicine
  • HIV
  • Viral diseases
  • Seropositivity
  • Complications
  • Epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis
  • Bacterial diseases
  • Pulmonary
  • Burundi
  • Africa-Central


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