The effectiveness of text messages support for diabetes self-management: protocol of the TEXT4DSM study in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cambodia and the Philippines

J. van Olmen, G.M. Ku, M. Van Pelt, J.C. Kalobu, H. Hen, C. Darras, K. Van Acker, B. Villaraza, F. Schellevis, G. Kegels

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: People with diabetes find it difficult to sustain adequate self-management behaviour. Self-Management Support strategies, including the use of mobile technology, have shown potential benefit. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a mobile phone support intervention on top of an existing strategy in three countries, DR Congo, Cambodia and the Philippines to improve health outcomes, access to care and enablement of people with diabetes, with 480 people with diabetes in each country who are randomised to either standard support or to the intervention.Design/methods: The study consists of three sub-studies with a similar design in three countries to be independently implemented and analysed. The design is a two-arm Randomised Controlled Trial, in which a total of 480 adults with diabetes participating in an existing DSME programme will be randomly allocated to either usual care in the existing programme or to usual care plus a mobile phone self-management support intervention. Participants in both arms complete assessments at baseline, one year and two years after inclusion.Glycosylated haemoglobin blood pressure, height, weight, waist circumference will be measured. Individual interviews will be conducted to determine the patients' assessment of chronic illness care, degree of self-enablement, and access to care before implementation of the intervention, at intermediate moments and at the end of the study.Analyses of quantitative data including assessment of differences in changes in outcomes between the intervention and usual care group will be done. A probability of
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume13
Pages (from-to)423
Number of pages9
ISSN1471-2458
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Noncommunicable diseases
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Control strategies
  • Self care
  • Self-medication
  • Support
  • Behavior change
  • Mobile
  • Technology
  • Evaluation
  • Interventions
  • Health impact
  • Hemoglobin
  • Blood pressure
  • BMI
  • Waist circumference
  • Accessibility
  • Perceptions
  • Coping
  • Knowledge
  • Congo-Kinshasa
  • Africa-Central
  • Cambodia
  • Philippines
  • Asia-Southeast

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