The onchocerciasis focus at Kinsuka/Kinshasa (Republic of Zaire) in 1985. II. Parasitological and clinical aspects

MC Henry, K Maertens

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    Since the antivectorial control in 1948, the parasitological and clinical aspects of the onchocerciasis focus at Kinsuka/Kinshasa have not been studied further until now. The population examined was selected for its daily contact with the vector. It constituted 143 adults, including fishermen, stonebreakers and women cultivators, and 26 children aged from 10 to 16 years. People were subjected to an ophthalmological examination as well as to an investigation for Onchocerca volvulus microfilariae. Adults were examined for the presence of nodules as well as for dermal and lymphatic manifestations of onchocerciasis. The microfilaria carrier rate (MfCR) was 59.2%. The mean microfilaria density (MfD) was 9.7 mf mg-1. Only 20% of the adults presented with small onchocercal nodules. Cutaneous lesions were mild. Lymphatic complications such as adenolymphocele, hydrocele and elephantiasis of the lower limbs were observed in 18% of the adults. No one was blind from onchocerciasis, although nine patients of 60 years or over had lost the use of one eye. Punctate keratitis occurred commonly in young people. Ocular lesions, except for punctate keratitis, developed progressively after 55 years and they became worse with the degree of infection, age and length of stay. Hyperendemic and insufferable in 1940, onchocerciasis has become, in 1985, hypoendemic and no longer a public health problem. One could deduce that a situation similar to that in Kinsuka may occur within 30 years in other foci which are today hyperendemic and where prophylaxis has been started
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAnnals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology
    Pages (from-to)493-502
    Publication statusPublished - 1990


    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Onchocerciasis
    • Helminthic diseases
    • Microfilaria rate
    • Surveys
    • Congo-Kinshasa
    • Kinshasa
    • Kinsuka
    • Africa-Central


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