The prevalence of Taenia spp. in pigs slaughtered in Kinshasa

Daudet Byakya, Justin Masumu, Constant Sibitali, Serge Mpiana Tshipambe, Pierre Dorny, Veronique Dermauw

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Taenia hydatigena is a non-zoonotic worm that has dogs and wild canids as definitive hosts. Its presence induces cross reactions in certain diagnostic tests for porcine cysticercosis caused by T. solium, the occurrence of which has a considerable public health and economic impact. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo), T. solium is considered endemic, however, the prevalence of T. hydatigena has not been estimated yet. The objective of the study was therefore to estimate the prevalence of T. hydatigena cysticercosis by serological and molecular diagnostic tools in pigs slaughtered in DR Congo. A total of 480 pigs slaughtered in 6 slaughter slabs in Kinshasa, DR Congo, were examined. The thoracal and abdominal cavity organs were inspected for cysts, which were analyzed using PCR-RFLP. Furthermore, 480 sera were collected, and analyzed for the presence of circu-lating Taenia spp. cysticercus antigens, using the B158/B60 Ag-ELISA. Upon inspection of the carcass, 41 cysts suspected to be metacestodes of Taenia spp. were collected, from the following viscera: spleen (24/41, 59%), liver (13/41, 32%), intestine (3/41, 7%) and lung (1/41, 2%). Molecular analyses revealed a T. hydatigena prevalence of 0.2% (95% CI: 0.0001-0.0116), based on a single lesion (1/480), taken from the spleen. Out of the 480 sera collected, the presence of circulating Taenia spp. cysticerci antigens was detected in 32 (6.7%; 95% CI: 4.5-11.2). The results of this study revealed that T. hydatigena is present in pigs sold in markets in the city of Kinshasa in DR Congo, albeit at a very low prevalence, thus the impact on the interpretation of the B158/B60 seems low in this setting. Detection of circulating antigens in porcine sera by Ag-ELISA, shows that pigs slaughtered in Kinshasa, DR Congo, were infected with viable cysticerci of Taenia spp. which in turn can infect humans.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number100794
    JournalVeterinary Parasitology, Regional Studies and Reports
    Volume36
    Number of pages5
    ISSN2405-9390
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov-2022

    Keywords

    • Taenia hydatigena-Cysticercosis-Pigs
    • Congo
    • PORCINE CYSTICERCOSIS
    • RESTRICTION FRAGMENT
    • SOLIUM
    • SAGINATA
    • HYDATIGENA
    • REGION

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