The role of KIR gene content and HLA-C group in susceptibility to HTLV-1-associated myelopathy / tropical spastic paraparesis in Peru

M Talledo, G López, JR Huyghe, K Verdonck, E González, D Clark, D Senitzer, G Vanham, E Gotuzzo, G Van Camp, L Van Laer

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    Abstract

    Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) affects approximately 5% of HTLV-1-infected individuals. It is poorly understood why only some infected subjects develop this disease, but host genetic factors may determine susceptibility. The innate immune system may influence disease outcome in HTLV-1-infected subjects because of its role in early immune responses to viral infections. Variation in genes encoding killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecule ligands may affect the risk of HAM/TSP. We performed a two-stage case-control study to examine the distribution of KIR genes and HLA-Cw groups in Peruvian HTLV-1-infected HAM/TSP subjects and asymptomatic carriers. We also tested for epistatic effects between specific KIR genes and HLA-Cw groups. In the first stage, we found several trends towards association with HAM/TSP or proviral load (PVL). However, these results were not replicated in the second stage. In conclusion, this is the first report on KIR gene frequencies in the Peruvian population and may be of significance in hematopoietic stem-cell transplants. Our study did not reveal significant associations between KIR genes and HLA-Cw groups and HAM/TSP or PVL. However, since our study was only powered to detect larger effects, additional studies using larger cohorts are needed
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalHuman Immunology
    Volume71
    Issue number8
    Pages (from-to)804-808
    Number of pages5
    ISSN0198-8859
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • B780-tropical-medicine
    • Viral diseases
    • Human T lymphotropic virus-type 1
    • HTLV-1
    • Myelopathy
    • Tropical spastic paraparesis
    • Genetic predisposition to disease
    • Susceptibility
    • Frequency
    • Associations
    • Peru
    • America-Latin

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