Trade-Off between Growth and Carbohydrate Accumulation in Nutrient-Limited Arthrospira sp. PCC 8005 Studied by Integrating Transcriptomic and Proteomic Approaches

Orily Depraetere, Frédéric Deschoenmaeker, Hanène Badri, Pieter Monsieurs, Imogen Foubert, Natalie Leys, Ruddy Wattiez, Koenraad Muylaert

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

Abstract

Cyanobacteria have a strong potential for biofuel production due to their ability to accumulate large amounts of carbohydrates. Nitrogen (N) stress can be used to increase the content of carbohydrates in the biomass, but it is expected to reduce biomass productivity. To study this trade-off between carbohydrate accumulation and biomass productivity, we characterized the biomass productivity, biomass composition as well as the transcriptome and proteome of the cyanobacterium Arthrospira sp. PCC 8005 cultured under N-limiting and N-replete conditions. N limitation resulted in a large increase in the carbohydrate content of the biomass (from 14 to 74%) and a decrease in the protein content (from 37 to 10%). Analyses of fatty acids indicated that no lipids were accumulated under N-limited conditions. Nevertheless, it did not affect the biomass productivity of the culture up to five days after N was depleted from the culture medium. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis indicated that de novo protein synthesis was down-regulated in the N-limited culture. Proteins were degraded and partly converted into carbohydrates through gluconeogenesis. Cellular N derived from protein degradation was recycled through the TCA and GS-GOGAT cycles. In addition, photosynthetic energy production and carbon fixation were both down-regulated, while glycogen synthesis was up-regulated. Our results suggested that N limitation resulted in a redirection of photosynthetic energy from protein synthesis to glycogen synthesis. The fact that glycogen synthesis has a lower energy demand than protein synthesis might explain why Arthrospira is able to achieve a similar biomass productivity under N-limited as under N-replete conditions despite the fact that photosynthetic energy production was impaired by N limitation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)e0132461
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial Proteins/genetics
  • Biomass
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Lipid Metabolism
  • Nitrogen/metabolism
  • Proteolysis
  • Proteomics
  • Spirulina/genetics
  • Transcriptome

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