Vector control interventions for visceral leishmaniasis elimination initiative in South Asia, 2005-2010

A. Picado, A.P. Dash, S. Bhattacharya, M. Boelaert

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

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    Abstract

    The Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) Elimination Initiative in the Indian subcontinent was launched in 2005 as a joint effort between the governments in the Region (India, Nepal and Bangladesh) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The objective is to reduce the annual VL incidence below 1/10,000 inhabitants by 2015 based on detection and treatment of VL cases and vector control. We present here a review of studies published in the period 2005-2010 on the efficacy of different tools to control Phlebotomus argentipes. The review indicates that the current indoor residual spraying (IRS) and novel vector control methods mainly insecticide treated nets (ITN) have low effectiveness for several reasons. Efforts to improve quality of IRS operations and further research on alternative and integrated vector control methods need to be promoted to reach the VL elimination target by 2015.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalIndian Journal of Medical Research
    Volume136
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)22-31
    Number of pages10
    ISSN0971-5916
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Keywords

    • Protozoal diseases
    • Visceral
    • Leishmaniasis
    • Kala azar
    • Leishmania donovani
    • Vectors
    • Sandflies
    • Phlebotomus argentipes
    • Eradication
    • Control programs
    • Vector control
    • Interventions
    • Efficacy
    • Residual spraying
    • Impregnated bednets
    • Insecticides
    • Review of the literature
    • India
    • Nepal
    • Bangladesh
    • Asia-South

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