Epidemiology of urban canine rabies, Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 1972-1997

Marc-Alain Widdowson, Gustavo J Morales, Sandra Chaves, James McGrane

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Uittreksel

We analyzed laboratory data from 1972 to 1997 from Santa Cruz, Bolivia, to determine risk factors for laboratory canine samples' testing positive for Rabies virus (RABV). Of 9,803 samples, 50.7% tested positive for RABV; the number of cases and the percentage positive has dropped significantly since 1978. A 5- to 6-year cycle in rabies incidence was clearly apparent, though no seasonality was noted. Male dogs had significantly increased odds of testing positive for RABV (odds ratio [OR]=1.14), as did 1- to 2-year-old dogs (OR=1.73); younger and older dogs were at lower risk. Samples submitted from the poorer suburbs of the city were more likely to test positive for RABV (OR=1.71). Knowledge of the distribution of endemic canine rabies in an urban area will help focus control measures in a resource-poor environment.

TaalEngels
TijdschriftEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume8
Exemplaarnummer5
Pagina's (van-tot)458-61
Aantal pagina's4
ISSN1080-6040
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 2002

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